Update in prevention of atherosclerotic heart disease: Management of major cardiovascular risk factors

Abel Romero-Corral, Virend K. Somers, Josef Korinek, Justo Sierra-Johnson, Randal J. Thomas, Thomas G. Allison, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains as the first cause of death worldwide. Scientific community works everyday trying to ameliorate this burden. Only in the year 2004 around 2,790 publications about the therapeutic use of antihypertensive agents can be found in MEDLINE. Despite this overwhelming effort and information, only a relatively short number of manuscripts have a real impact in clinical practice. For the busy clinician, it becomes almost impossible to screen and be updated with the landmark publications. The purpose of this article is to provide concise information related to prevention of CVD. We reviewed publications in the past 5 years regarding cardiovascular risk factors with special attention to dyslipidemia, hypertension, diabetes, smoking cessation and obesity, discussing some new findings and treatments. We also discuss obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a recently identified cardiovascular risk factor, and provide a general overview about its pathophysiology and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalRevista de Investigacion Clinica
Volume58
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diabetes
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking cessation
  • Update

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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