Uncorrected pre-operative mitral valve regurgitation is not associated with adverse outcomes after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device implantation

John M. Stulak, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili, Nicholas A. Haglund, Mary E. Davis, John A. Schirger, Jennifer A. Cowger, Palak Shah, Keith D. Aaronson, Francis D. Pagani, Simon Maltais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is prevalent in patients with heart failure. Because very few data exist examining the influence of significant pre-operative MR on outcomes after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, we evaluate our experience. METHODS: Between October 1996 and August 2013, 756 patients underwent primary LVAD implantation at our institutions. Of these, 508 patients received a continuous-flow LVAD and represent the contemporary cohort for this analysis. Devices implanted included the HeartMate II in 410 patients (81%) and HeartWare HVAD in 98 patients (19%). Based on availability of pre-operative echocardiography, 491 patients were divided into 2 study groups according to degree of pre-operative MR; 189 patients (39%) had moderate to severe or greater MR (MR group), and 302 (61%) had less than moderate to severe MR (less MR group). Median age at operation (60 years in MR group vs 58 years in less MR group, p = 0.19), male sex (78% in MR group vs 81% in less MR group, p = 0.42), and ischemic etiology (46% in MR group vs 51% in less MR group, p = 0.35) were similar between groups. RESULTS: There were 40 early deaths (7.9%), and follow-up was available in all 468 early survivors for 641 patient-years of support. Patients in the MR group had higher late survival (2 years, 75%; 4 years, 65%) compared with patients in the less MR group (2 years, 66%; 4 years, 48%; p < 0.04). Cox proportional hazards model confirmed the independent interaction between MR and late survival (hazard ratio 0.62, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: There was improved survival in patients with severe pre-operative MR after continuous-flow LVAD implantation in our cohort. These findings may lend insight into the possible lack of value of addressing significant MR at the time of LVAD implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)718-723
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Heart failure
  • Mechanical support
  • Mitral valve regurgitation
  • Ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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