Purpose: It is unclear if a 3D transducer with the special design of mechanical swing or 2D array could provide acceptable 2D grayscale image quality for the general diagnosis purpose. The aim of this study is to compare the 2D image quality of a 3D intracavitary transducer with a conventional 2D intracavitary transducer using clinically relevant phantom experiments. Methods: All measurements were performed on a GE Logiq E9 scanner with both a 2D (IC5-9-D) and a 3D (RIC5-9-D) transducer used in 2D mode. Selection of phantom targets and acquisition parameters were determined from analysis of 33 clinical pelvic exams. Depth of penetration (DOP), contrast response, contrast of anechoic cylinders (diameter: 6.7 mm) at 1.5 and 4.5 cm depths in transverse planes, and in-plane resolution represented by full-width half-maximum of pin targets at multiple depths were measured with transmit frequencies of 7 and 8 MHz. Spherical signal-noise-ratio (SNR) (diameter: 4 and 2 mm) at multiple depths were measured at 8 MHz. Results: RIC5-9-D demonstrated <8% decrease in DOP for both transmit frequencies (7 MHz: 69.7 ± 8.2 mm; 8 MHz: 64.3 ± 7.8 mm) compared with those from IC5-9-D (7 MHz: 73.9 ± 4.4 mm; 8 MHz: 69.4 ± 7.8 mm). A decreased anechoic contrast was observed with a 4.5 cm depth for RIC5-9-D (7 MHz: 23.2 ± 1.8 dB, P > 0.05; 8 MHz: 17.7 ± 0.9 dB, P < 0.01) compared with IC5-9-D (7 MHz: 25.9 ± 1.2 dB; 8 MHz: 21.5 ± 0.8 dB). The contrast response and spatial resolution performance were comparable between the two transducers. RIC5-9-D showed comparable SNR of anechoic spheres compared to IC5-9-D. Conclusions: 2D images from a 3D probe exhibited comparable overall image quality for routine clinical pelvic imaging.
- 3D transducer
- image quality
- objective assessment
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging