Ubiquitin, the centrosome, and chromosome segregation

Ying Zhang, Paul J. Galardy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

For over a century, the abnormal movement or number of centrosomes has been linked with errors of chromosomes distribution in mitosis. While not essential for the formation of the mitotic spindle, the presence and location of centrosomes has a major influence on the manner in which microtubules interact with the kinetochores of replicated sister chromatids and the accuracy with which they migrate to resulting daughter cells. A complex network has evolved to ensure that cells contain the proper number of centrosomes and that their location is optimal for effective attachment of emanating spindle fibers with the kinetochores. The components of this network are regulated through a series of post-translational modifications, including ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifiers, which coordinate the timing and strength of signaling events key to the centrosome cycle. In this review, we examine the role of the ubiquitin system in the events relating to centriole duplication and centrosome separation, and discuss how the disruption of these functions impacts chromosome segregation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-91
Number of pages15
JournalChromosome Research
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Centriole duplication
  • Centrosome separation
  • Deubiquitinating enzymes
  • Lagging chromosomes
  • Merotelic attachments
  • Ubiquitin ligases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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