In mammalian brain, acetylcholinesterase (ACHE) exists mostly as a tetramer of 70-kDa catalytic subunits that are linked through disulfide bonds to a hydrophobic subunit P of approximately 20 kDa. To characterize P, we reduced the disulfide bonds in purified bovine brain AChE and sequenced tryptic fragments from bands in the 20-kDa region. We obtained sequences belonging to at least two distinct proteins: the P protein and another protein that was not disulfide-linked to catalytic subunits. Both proteins were recognized in Western blots by antisera raised against specific peptides. We cloned cDNA encoding the second protein in a cDNA library from bovine substantia nigra and obtained rat and human homologs. We call this protein mCutA because of its homology to a bacterial protein (CutA). We could not demonstrate a direct interaction between mCutA and AChE in vitro in transfected cells. However, in a mouse neuroblastoma cell line that produced membrane-bound AChE as an amphiphilic tetramer, the expression of mCutA antisense mRNA eliminated cell surface AChE and decreased the level of amphiphilic tetramer in cell extracts. mCutA therefore appears necessary for the localization of AChE at the cell surface; it may be part of a multicomponent complex that anchors AChE in membranes, together with the hydrophobic P protein.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 3 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology