Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand activates a lysosomal pathway of apoptosis that is regulated by Bcl-2 proteins

Nathan W. Werneburg, M. Eugenia Guicciardi, Steve F. Bronk, Scott H. Kaufmann, Gregory J. Gores

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present studies were performed to determine whether lysosomal permeabilization contributes to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) cytotoxicity and to reconcile a role for lysosomes with prior observations that Bcl-2 family members regulate TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In KMCH cholangiocarcinoma cells stably expressing Mcl-1 small interference RNA (siRNA), treatment with TRAIL induced a redistribution of the cathepsin B from lysosomes to the cytosol. Pharmacological and small hairpin RNA-targeted inhibition of cathepsin B attenuated TRAIL-mediated apoptosis as assessed by morphological, biochemical, and clonogenic assays. Neither Bid siRNA nor Bak siRNA prevented cathepsin B release. In contrast, treatment of the cells with Bim siRNA or the JNK inhibitor SP600125 attenuated lysosomal permeabilization and cell death. Moreover, Bim and active Bax co-localized to lysosomes in TRAIL-treated cells in a JNK-dependent manner, and Bax siRNA reduced TRAIL-induced lysosomal permeabilization and cell death. Finally, BH3 domain peptides permeabilized isolated lysosomes in the presence of Bax. Collectively, these data suggest that TRAIL can trigger an apoptotic pathway that involves JNK-dependent activation of Bim, which in turn induces Bax-mediated permeabilization of lysosomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28960-28970
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume282
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 28 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand activates a lysosomal pathway of apoptosis that is regulated by Bcl-2 proteins'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this