BCMA-CD3-targeting bispecific antibodies (BsAb) are a recently developed immunotherapy class which shows potent tumor killing activity in multiple myeloma (MM). Here, we investigated a murine BCMA-CD3-targeting BsAb in the immunocompetent Vk*MYC and its IMiD-sensitive derivative Vk*MYChCRBN models of MM. The BCMA-CD3 BsAb was safe and efficacious in a subset of mice, but failed in those with high-tumor burden, consistent with clinical reports of BsAb in leukemia. The combination of BCMA-CD3 BsAb with pomalidomide expanded lytic T cells and improved activity even in IMiD resistant high-tumor burden cases. Yet, survival was only marginally extended due to acute toxicity and T cell exhaustion, which impaired T cell persistence. In contrast, the combination with cyclophosphamide was safe and allowed for a tempered pro-inflammatory response associated with long-lasting complete remission. Concurrent cytotoxic therapy with BsAb actually improved T cell persistence and function, offering a promising approach to patients with a large tumor burden.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Blood cancer discovery|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2021|
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