While the US population continues to grow, the number of graduating general surgery (GS) residents has remained static. The changing nature of the workforce, preference for a controllable lifestyle, increasing workload due to an aging population, and declining work hours represent a challenge to maintaining an adequate GS workforce. Furthermore, only 20-25% of board-certified general surgeons are carrying out the full range of GS procedures. Flexible working hours, taking advantage of retirees and part-time surgeons, funding of additional residency positions through a public-private partnership, loan forgiveness, and easier visa access for international medical graduates choosing GS offer some potential solutions.
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