Management of transplant renal artery stenosis has been a controversial issue. The authors have reviewed their experience with 31 such cases which represent 3.1% of a transplant population of 1015 patients. Evidence of chronic allograft rejection was noted in 14 of these patients. Ten patients were treated medically. The remaining patients were managed by either percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (8 cases) or surgery (13 cases). Three patients initially treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty later underwent surgical repair. Operative intervention resulted in a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure and the greatest degree of therapeutic success (defined as normal blood pressure without use of antihypertensive agents). In contrast to other reports, use of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was not successful in a majority of patients. This divergence may reflect differences in criteria for success which, we believe, should be defined more rigorously. Our data indicate that decisions regarding definitive management strategies should be based on the specific characteristics of the lesion with identification of stenoses that may be amenable to surgical rather than angioplastic treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas