Treatment of lumbar vertebra epithelioid hemangioma with radiation therapy: A case report

Aldis P. Siltumens, Na L. Smith, Rosalind F. Sharain, Michael G. Haddock, W. Michael Hooten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Although epithelioid hemangiomas involving bone have been described in previous case reports and case series, the effects of radiation therapy on vertebral epithelioid hemangioma has not been fully reported. Here we provide a case report of tumor response to radiation therapy in a young adult with a large epithelioid hemangioma involving the fourth lumbar vertebrae. Case presentation: A 27-year-old Latino man with a past medical history of type 1 diabetes and a 3-year history of low back pain presented to a hospital emergency department following acute worsening of back pain. On transfer to our tertiary medical center, he described the pain as "shock-like" which originated at the lateral aspect of his right hip and radiated down to his right knee. Paresthesia was also reported along the medial aspect of his lower right leg. Imaging included a computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging which revealed fourth lumbar and right iliac lytic bone lesions. Image-guided biopsies of the lytic lesions were consistent with a diagnosis of epithelioid hemangioma and radiation therapy was recommended as the primary treatment. Our patient's low back and leg pain were initially managed with acetaminophen, oxycodone, pregabalin, and lidocaine patch 5%. He noted improvement in pain after his third fraction of radiation. Pain intensity continued to decline and oxycodone was discontinued. Conclusions: This case report demonstrates an unusual etiology of back and leg pain in a young man and elucidates the palliative effects of radiation therapy for epithelioid hemangioma involving the lumbar spine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number308
JournalJournal of Medical Case Reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2019

Keywords

  • Back pain
  • Epithelioid hemangioma
  • Pain management
  • Radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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