Purpose: To report the effectiveness of treatments for central-peripheral rivalry (CPR)-type diplopia due to retinal misregistration. Design: Retrospective, interventional case series. Methods: Fifty adults with retinal misregistration and CPR-type diplopia (minimum frequency of “sometimes” at distance and/or for reading) caused by epiretinal membrane (n = 44) or other retinal disorders (n = 6) were enrolled in this study, conducted at adult strabismus clinics, Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, a tertiary medical center. Treatments included Bangerter filter, adhesive tape, Fresnel prism, clear prism (incorporated into glasses or loose prism in the office), iseikonic manipulation (using iseikonic lenses or contact lenses), a MIN lens, or epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling (alone or in any combination). Not all patients underwent all of these treatments. Results: Main outcome measurements were diplopia frequency, evaluated using the Diplopia Questionnaire. Success was defined as “never” or “rarely” diplopic for distance and reading, using the Diplopia Questionnaire, at an outcome examination as close as possible to 6 months. Overall, 17 of 50 patients (34%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 21%-49%) were classified as successful. Fresnel prism was successful in 4 of 7 patients (57%; 95% CI, 18%-90%); Bangerter filter in 4 of 28 patients (14%; 95% CI, 4%-33%); ERM peeling in 8 of 18 patients (44%; 95% CI, 22%-69%); and iseikonic manipulation in 1 of 23 patients (using a contact lens; 4%; 95% CI, 0%-22%). Conclusions: CPR-type diplopia may be relieved in some patients using nonsurgical treatment options consisting of Fresnel prism or Bangerter filter. ERM peeling was surprisingly successful and should be considered.
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