Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents: Psychiatric disorders at one year

Jeffrey E. Max, Donald A. Robin, Scott D. Lindgren, Wilbur L. Smith, Yutaka Sato, Philip J. Mattheis, Julie Stierwalt, Carlos S. Castillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Factors predictive of psychiatric outcome in the second 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 43 children and adolescents were assessed prospectively. The outcome measure was the presence of a psychiatric disorder not present before the injury ('novel'). Out of six models tested, four were predictive of novel psychiatric disorder: preinjury family function, family psychiatric history, socioeconomic class/intellectual function, and behavior/adaptive function. Post hoc analyses suggested that preinjury family functioning measured by a structured interview was a significant predictive variable. Severity of injury, when reclassified as severe versus mild/moderate TBI, significantly predicted novel psychiatric disorders. These data suggest that some children, identifiable through clinical assessment, are at increased risk for psychiatric disorders following TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-297
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Adolescent Psychiatry
Child Psychiatry
Psychiatry
Brain Concussion
Psychological Adaptation
Wounds and Injuries
Traumatic Brain Injury
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Interviews

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Max, J. E., Robin, D. A., Lindgren, S. D., Smith, W. L., Sato, Y., Mattheis, P. J., ... Castillo, C. S. (1998). Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents: Psychiatric disorders at one year. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 10(3), 290-297. https://doi.org/10.1176/jnp.10.3.290

Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents : Psychiatric disorders at one year. / Max, Jeffrey E.; Robin, Donald A.; Lindgren, Scott D.; Smith, Wilbur L.; Sato, Yutaka; Mattheis, Philip J.; Stierwalt, Julie; Castillo, Carlos S.

In: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, Vol. 10, No. 3, 01.01.1998, p. 290-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Max, Jeffrey E. ; Robin, Donald A. ; Lindgren, Scott D. ; Smith, Wilbur L. ; Sato, Yutaka ; Mattheis, Philip J. ; Stierwalt, Julie ; Castillo, Carlos S. / Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents : Psychiatric disorders at one year. In: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 1998 ; Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 290-297.
@article{e1fe9c391a3b425b908771fe4e92bdbe,
title = "Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents: Psychiatric disorders at one year",
abstract = "Factors predictive of psychiatric outcome in the second 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 43 children and adolescents were assessed prospectively. The outcome measure was the presence of a psychiatric disorder not present before the injury ('novel'). Out of six models tested, four were predictive of novel psychiatric disorder: preinjury family function, family psychiatric history, socioeconomic class/intellectual function, and behavior/adaptive function. Post hoc analyses suggested that preinjury family functioning measured by a structured interview was a significant predictive variable. Severity of injury, when reclassified as severe versus mild/moderate TBI, significantly predicted novel psychiatric disorders. These data suggest that some children, identifiable through clinical assessment, are at increased risk for psychiatric disorders following TBI.",
author = "Max, {Jeffrey E.} and Robin, {Donald A.} and Lindgren, {Scott D.} and Smith, {Wilbur L.} and Yutaka Sato and Mattheis, {Philip J.} and Julie Stierwalt and Castillo, {Carlos S.}",
year = "1998",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1176/jnp.10.3.290",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "290--297",
journal = "Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences",
issn = "0895-0172",
publisher = "American Psychiatric Publishing Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents

T2 - Psychiatric disorders at one year

AU - Max, Jeffrey E.

AU - Robin, Donald A.

AU - Lindgren, Scott D.

AU - Smith, Wilbur L.

AU - Sato, Yutaka

AU - Mattheis, Philip J.

AU - Stierwalt, Julie

AU - Castillo, Carlos S.

PY - 1998/1/1

Y1 - 1998/1/1

N2 - Factors predictive of psychiatric outcome in the second 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 43 children and adolescents were assessed prospectively. The outcome measure was the presence of a psychiatric disorder not present before the injury ('novel'). Out of six models tested, four were predictive of novel psychiatric disorder: preinjury family function, family psychiatric history, socioeconomic class/intellectual function, and behavior/adaptive function. Post hoc analyses suggested that preinjury family functioning measured by a structured interview was a significant predictive variable. Severity of injury, when reclassified as severe versus mild/moderate TBI, significantly predicted novel psychiatric disorders. These data suggest that some children, identifiable through clinical assessment, are at increased risk for psychiatric disorders following TBI.

AB - Factors predictive of psychiatric outcome in the second 6 months following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in 43 children and adolescents were assessed prospectively. The outcome measure was the presence of a psychiatric disorder not present before the injury ('novel'). Out of six models tested, four were predictive of novel psychiatric disorder: preinjury family function, family psychiatric history, socioeconomic class/intellectual function, and behavior/adaptive function. Post hoc analyses suggested that preinjury family functioning measured by a structured interview was a significant predictive variable. Severity of injury, when reclassified as severe versus mild/moderate TBI, significantly predicted novel psychiatric disorders. These data suggest that some children, identifiable through clinical assessment, are at increased risk for psychiatric disorders following TBI.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031849474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031849474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1176/jnp.10.3.290

DO - 10.1176/jnp.10.3.290

M3 - Article

C2 - 9706536

AN - SCOPUS:0031849474

VL - 10

SP - 290

EP - 297

JO - Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

JF - Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

SN - 0895-0172

IS - 3

ER -