Background: Several studies report a high prevalence of non-adherence to prescribed immunosuppressive (IS) medications among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs), yet few interventions have been effective for helping patients sustain appropriate post-transplant adherence. We describe a multifaceted, evidence-based, medication adherence monitoring strategy (‘TAKE IT’) that leverages available transplant center resources to identify potential medication non-adherence and other concerns earlier to prevent complications that could result from inadequate IS adherence. Methods: The TAKE IT strategy includes: 1) medication adherence mobile application; 2) routine, online patient self-reported adherence assessments; 3) care alert notifications via the electronic health record (EHR) directed to transplant coordinators; 4) quarterly adherence reports to monitor IS values and summarize adherence trends; 5) deployment of adherence support tools tailored to specific adherence concerns. To test the TAKE IT intervention, we will conduct a two-arm, patient-randomized controlled trial at two large, diverse transplant centers (Northwestern University, Mayo Clinic, AZ) with planned recruitment of 450 KTRs (n = 225 per site) within 2 years of transplantation and 2 years of follow-up. Study assessments will take place at baseline, 6 weeks, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months. The primary effectiveness outcome is medication adherence via pill count, secondary outcomes include self-reported adherence and clinical outcomes. Process outcomes and cost-effectiveness will also be examined. Conclusion: The TAKE IT trial presents an innovative approach to monitoring and optimizing medication adherence among a population taking complex medication regimens. This trial seeks to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of this strategy compared to usual care.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Contemporary Clinical Trials|
|State||Published - Apr 2021|
- Medication safety
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)