Transient Global Amnesia and Epilepsy: Electroencephalographic Distinction

John W. Miller, Takehiko Yanagihara, Ronald C. Petersen, Donald W. Klass

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electroencephalographic recordings were obtained during 13 episodes of transient global amnesia in 13 patients. Eight were entirely normal; none showed seizure discharges or other epileptiform activity. Electroencephalographic recordings were also obtained after 103 episodes of amnesia in 96 patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) alone, five patients who had both TGA and epilepsy independently, and three patients with amnesia related to epilepsy. The majority (60.8%) of waking records were normal during or after episodes of TGA. Mild or moderate and nonfocal abnormalities were found in a minority. Genuine epileptiform activity was observed only among patients who had seizure disorders. Amnestic episodes attributable to seizures were more brief and more apt to be repeated than TGA and usually responded to anticonvulsant drugs. Differentiation of TGA from epilepsy is essential for appropriate management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-633
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of neurology
Volume44
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

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