Background: We set out to determine the effects of transfusing stored red blood cells (RBCs) on the levels of procoagulant microparticles (MPs) in the blood of trauma patients. Methods: Blood was drawn and processed to platelet poor plasma for MP analysis for 409 injured patients seen in the trauma bay from February 2011 to January 2013. Blood from 27 noninjured volunteers was also analyzed. Quantification of total procoagulant MP (per microliter plasma) using a direct plasma analysis via flow cytometry was performed. Demographic data, Injury Severity Score (ISS), overall mortality, and units of transfused packed RBCs were collected. Data are presented as median (interquartile range [IQR]). Transfusion groupswere assessed using t test orWilcoxon rank-sum test as appropriate. The > level was set as 0.05 for statistical significance. RESULTS: Median ISS was 12 (IQR, 5-19), 12% were transfused, median age was 48 years (IQR, 29-62 years), 68% were male, and overall mortality was 3%. Median units transfused were 3 (IQR, 2-5). The median number of all procoagulant MP was greater in trauma patients (median 758; IQR, 405-1,627) when compared with our control subjects (median, 232; IQR, 125-372; p G 0.0001). This difference remained significant after adjusting for age and sex (p G 0.0001). In 39 patients who had MP levels measured before transfusionwithRBC, the procoagulantMP levels did not change after transfusion (p = 0.07). Patients transfused withRBCs thatwere 14 days or older did not have increased procoagulantMP levelswhen comparedwith those that receivedRBCs thatwere younger than 14 days (p = 0.5).Thiswas also true for thosewho receivedRBCs thatwere 28 days or olderwhen compared with those that received RBCs that were younger than 28 days (p = 0.84). Conclusion: Procoagulant MP is significantly greater in trauma patients as compared with volunteers, even after adjusting for age and sex. We did not observe any change in the levels of procoagulant MPs after transfusion of stored RBCs. Level of Evidence: Epidemiologic/prognostic study, level III.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine