Background: Endometrioid carcinoma (EC) and clear cell carcinoma (CC) histotypes of epithelial ovarian cancer are understudied compared with the more common highgrade serous carcinomas (HGSC). We therefore sought to characterize EC and CC transcriptomes in relation to HGSC. Methods: Following bioinformatics processing and gene abundance normalization, differential expression analysis of RNA sequence data collected on fresh-frozen tumors was completed with nonparametric statistical analysis methods (55 ECs, 19 CCs, 112 HGSCs). Association of gene expression with progression-free survival (PFS) was completed with Cox proportional hazards models. Eight additional multi-histotype expression array datasets (N = 852 patients) were used for replication. Results: In the discovery set, tumors generally clustered together by histotype. Thirty-two protein-coding genes were differentially expressed across histotype (P < 1 × 10 10) and showed similar associations in replication datasets, including MAP2K6, KIAA1324, CDH1, ENTPD5, LAMB1, and DRAM1. Nine genes associated with PFS (P < 0.0001) showed similar associations in replication datasets. In particular, we observed shorter PFS time for CC and EC patients with high gene expression for CCNB2, CORO2A, CSNK1G1, FRMD8, LIN54, LINC00664, PDK1, and PEX6, whereas, the converse was observed for HGSC patients. Conclusions: The results suggest important histotype differences that may aid in the development of treatment options, particularly those for patients with EC or CC. Impact: We present replicated findings on transcriptomic differences and how they relate to clinical outcome for two of the rarer ovarian cancer histotypes of EC and CC, along with comparison with the common histotype of HGSC.
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