Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth

Subrahmanya D. Vallabhapurapu, Sunil K. Noothi, Derek A. Pullum, Charles H. Lawrie, Rachel Pallapati, Veena Potluri, Christian Kuntzen, Sohaib Khan, David R. Plas, Robert Z. Orlowski, Marta Chesi, W. Michael Kuehl, Peter Leif Bergsagel, Michael Karin, Sivakumar Vallabhapurapu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although transcriptional activation by NF-κB is well appreciated, physiological importance of transcriptional repression by NF-κB in cancer has remained elusive. Here we show that an HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex maintains repressive chromatin around proapoptotic genes Bim and BMF and regulates multiple myeloma (MM) survival and growth. Disruption of RelB-HDAC4 complex by a HDAC4-mimetic polypeptide blocks MM growth. RelB-p52 also represses BMF translation by regulating miR-221 expression. While the NIK-dependent activation of RelB-p52 in MM has been reported, we show that regardless of the activation status of NIK and the oncogenic events that cause plasma cell malignancy, several genetically diverse MM cells including Bortezomib-resistant MM cells are addicted to RelB-p52 for survival. Importantly, RelB is constitutively phosphorylated in MM and ERK1 is a RelB kinase. Phospho-RelB remains largely nuclear and is essential for Bim repression. Thus, ERK1-dependent regulation of nuclear RelB is critical for MM survival and explains the NIK-independent role of RelB in MM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8428
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 12 2015

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Multiple Myeloma
Chemical activation
activation
Growth
cells
chromatin
polypeptides
genes
Chromatin
Phosphotransferases
Genes
cancer
Plasmas
Peptides
causes
Plasma Cells
Transcriptional Activation
Neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Vallabhapurapu, S. D., Noothi, S. K., Pullum, D. A., Lawrie, C. H., Pallapati, R., Potluri, V., ... Vallabhapurapu, S. (2015). Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth. Nature Communications, 6, [8428]. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9428

Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth. / Vallabhapurapu, Subrahmanya D.; Noothi, Sunil K.; Pullum, Derek A.; Lawrie, Charles H.; Pallapati, Rachel; Potluri, Veena; Kuntzen, Christian; Khan, Sohaib; Plas, David R.; Orlowski, Robert Z.; Chesi, Marta; Kuehl, W. Michael; Bergsagel, Peter Leif; Karin, Michael; Vallabhapurapu, Sivakumar.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 8428, 12.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vallabhapurapu, SD, Noothi, SK, Pullum, DA, Lawrie, CH, Pallapati, R, Potluri, V, Kuntzen, C, Khan, S, Plas, DR, Orlowski, RZ, Chesi, M, Kuehl, WM, Bergsagel, PL, Karin, M & Vallabhapurapu, S 2015, 'Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth', Nature Communications, vol. 6, 8428. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9428
Vallabhapurapu SD, Noothi SK, Pullum DA, Lawrie CH, Pallapati R, Potluri V et al. Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth. Nature Communications. 2015 Oct 12;6. 8428. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms9428
Vallabhapurapu, Subrahmanya D. ; Noothi, Sunil K. ; Pullum, Derek A. ; Lawrie, Charles H. ; Pallapati, Rachel ; Potluri, Veena ; Kuntzen, Christian ; Khan, Sohaib ; Plas, David R. ; Orlowski, Robert Z. ; Chesi, Marta ; Kuehl, W. Michael ; Bergsagel, Peter Leif ; Karin, Michael ; Vallabhapurapu, Sivakumar. / Transcriptional repression by the HDAC4-RelB-p52 complex regulates multiple myeloma survival and growth. In: Nature Communications. 2015 ; Vol. 6.
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