Transcatheter aortic valve insertion in patients with hostile ascending aorta calcification

Akio Nakasu, Kevin L. Greason, Vuyisile T Nkomo, Mackram Eleid, Alberto Pochettino, Katherine S. King, Gurpreet S Sandhu, Eric E. Williamson, David Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Calcification of the ascending aorta complicates aortic valve replacement. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is an alternative procedure in this situation, but it requires manipulation through the hostile area in the ascending aorta. We reviewed our transcatheter aortic valve insertion experience to better understand the surgical mortality risk of valve insertion in patients with extensive calcification of the ascending aorta. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 665 consecutive patients who received transcatheter aortic valve insertion from November 2008 through December 2015. We defined a hostile ascending aorta on the basis of preoperative computed tomography scan documenting significant aortic calcification that the surgeon believed precluded safe aortic cross-clamp application. There were 36 patients (5%) who met our definition of a hostile ascending aorta (hostile aorta group) and 629 (95%) who did not (control group). Results: Surgical mortality occurred in 2 patients (6%) in the hostile aorta group and in 18 (3%) in the control group (P =.296). There were no strokes in the hostile aorta group, whereas there were 15 (2%) in the control group (P = 1.00). There was no difference in mortality at 3 years for patients in the hostile aorta (48.5% ± 9.0%) and control groups (35.9% ± 2.3%; P =.484). Alternative access was associated with an increased risk of mortality (hazard ratio, 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.82; P =.009). Conclusions: Transcatheter aortic valve insertion can be performed with low procedure-related morbidity and mortality in patients with hostile calcification of the ascending aorta. Our data support a transfemoral-first paradigm in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • complication
  • hostile aorta
  • porcelain aorta
  • transcatheter aortic valve
  • transcatheter aortic valve insertion
  • transcatheter aortic valve replacement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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