Trabecular bone deficits among Vietnamese immigrants

L. J. Melton, M. A. Marquez, L. K. McCready, S. J. Achenbach, B. L. Riggs, S. Amin, S. Khosla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compared to white women, lower areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in middle-aged Vietnamese immigrants is due to reduced trabecular volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), which in turn is associated with greater trabecular separation along with lower estrogen levels. Introduction: The epidemiology of osteoporosis in Asian populations is still poorly known, but we previously found a deficit in lumbar spine aBMD among postmenopausal Southeast Asian women, compared to white women, that persisted after correction for bone size. This issue was revisited using more sophisticated imaging techniques. Methods: Twenty Vietnamese immigrants (age, 44-79 years) were compared to 162 same-aged white women with respect to aBMD at the hip, spine and wrist, vBMD at the hip and spine by quantitative computed tomography and vBMD and bone microstructure at the ultradistal radius by high-resolution pQCT. Bone turnover and sex steroid levels were assessed in a subset (20 Vietnamese and 40 white women). Results: The aBMD was lower at all sites among the Vietnamese women, but femoral neck vBMD did not differ from middle-aged white women. Significant differences in lumbar spine and ultradistal radius vBMD in the Vietnamese immigrants were due to lower trabecular vBMD, which was associated with increased trabecular separation. Bone resorption was elevated and bone formation depressed among the Vietnamese immigrants, although trends were not statistically significant. Serum estradiol was positively associated with trabecular vBMD in the Vietnamese women, but their estrogen levels were dramatically lower compared to white women. Conclusions: Although reported discrepancies in aBMD among Asian women are mainly an artifact of smaller bone size, we identified a specific deficit in the trabecular bone among a sample of Vietnamese immigrants that may be related to low estrogen levels and which needs further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1627-1631
Number of pages5
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Bone structure
  • Bone turnover
  • Ethnic group
  • Southeast Asians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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