The study of negative-strand RNA viruses has suggested new strategies to produce more attenuated viruses. Reverse genetics has allowed the implementation of the strategies, and new or improved monovalent vaccines are being developed. In addition, recombinant viruses expressing foreign proteins or epitopes have been produced with the aim of developing multivalent vaccines capable of stimulating humoral and cellular immune responses against more than one pathogen. Finally, recombinant viruses that selectively enter cells expressing tumor markers or the HIV envelope protein have been engineered and shown to lyse target cells. Preclinical and clinical trials of improved and multivalent vaccines and therapeutic (oncolytic) viruses are ongoing.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||32|
|Journal||Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology|
|State||Published - Jun 4 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Microbiology (medical)