Total Hip Arthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fracture: What Are the Contemporary Reasons for Failure?

Elizabeth B. Gausden, William W. Cross, Tad M. Mabry, Mark Pagnano, Daniel J. Berry, Matthew P. Abdel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) for femoral neck fracture (FNF) appears to provide superior functional outcomes compared to hemiarthroplasty in selected active, elderly patients; however, the historical tradeoff has been higher risk of complications including dislocation. We aimed to describe implant survivorship and reasons for failure after THA for FNFs. Methods: We identified 217 FNFs treated with THA from 2000 to 2017 from our institutional total joint registry (during the same time period 2039 FNFs were treated with hemiarthroplasty). Mean age was 70 years, and 65% were female. Cemented femoral components were utilized in 41%. Approach was anterolateral in 71%, posterior in 21%, and direct anterior in 8%. Dual-mobility constructs were utilized in 3%. A competing risk model accounting for death was used to analyze revisions and complications. Mean follow-up was 6 years. Results: The 5-year cumulative incidence of any revision was 8%. Nineteen hips were revised for the following indications: postoperative periprosthetic femur fracture (6: 3 uncemented stems and 3 cemented), infection (5), aseptic loosening of the femoral component (3: 2 cemented and 1 uncemented), dislocation (3), iliopsoas impingement (1), and liner dissociation (1). The 5-year cumulative incidence of periprosthetic femur fractures was 7%, including 7 intraoperative fractures and 11 postoperative fractures. The 5-year cumulative incidence of dislocation was 1.4%. Conclusion: The 5-year cumulative incidence of any revision after THA for FNFs was 8%, mostly attributed to periprosthetic fracture and infection. Hip instability was not as common after FNF with contemporary patient selection, techniques, and implants compared to previous series. Level of Evidence: Prognostic, level III.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • bipolar hemiarthroplasty
  • dislocation
  • hip fracture
  • infection
  • periprosthetic fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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