Tobacco research in the military: Reflections on 20 years of research in the United States Air Force

G. Wayne Talcott, Jon Owen Ebbert, Robert C. Klesges, Brittany D. Linde, Robert W. Seals, Rebecca A. Krukowski, Emily A. Grieser, John Y. Oh, Denise M. Martin-Zona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The U.S. military is one of the world’s largest employers. Approximately 30% of active duty military personnel smoke cigarettes and more than 14% use smokeless tobacco. The military has historically supported tobacco use and more recently is attempting to combat its use. Through 20 years of collaborative research with the United States Air Force, we have learned that smoking bans are effective, recruits who have never previously smoked cigarettes initiate tobacco use, smokeless tobacco serves as a gateway for smoking initiation, smoking is associated with discharge, smoking adds significant proximal training costs, tobacco use increases during deployment, and tobacco quitline counseling with a provision of medication is effective. Our findings may provide groundwork for future tobacco control efforts in the U.S. military.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)848-850
Number of pages3
JournalMilitary Medicine
Volume180
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Talcott, G. W., Ebbert, J. O., Klesges, R. C., Linde, B. D., Seals, R. W., Krukowski, R. A., Grieser, E. A., Oh, J. Y., & Martin-Zona, D. M. (2015). Tobacco research in the military: Reflections on 20 years of research in the United States Air Force. Military Medicine, 180(8), 848-850. https://doi.org/10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00501