To Pull or Not to Pull: Salvaging Central Line Catheters in Home Parenteral Nutrition

Sara L. Bonnes, Manpreet S. Mundi, Ryan T Hurt, Bradley R. Salonen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSI) pose a significant risk to patients on home parenteral nutrition (HPN). Recurrent loss of catheters can lead to scarring and eventual loss of central access, a potentially fatal situation for patients dependent on HPN. RECENT FINDINGS: In the past, the standard of care to treat these infections required catheter removal. More recently, several studies have indicated that many CRBSI can be treated without removal of the catheter. Successful treatment without removal can be achieved by intentionally following a catheter salvage protocol. We define this as a previously defined protocol to accurately diagnose CRBSI, identify the organism(s) involved, and effectively treat not only the blood stream infection, but also sterilize the catheter. For patients on HPN with CRBSI, consider attempting line salvage if the patient is not suffering from severe sepsis, other infection related complications, or certain specific infections. Success rates vary depending on the organism causing the infection and the risks; benefits and chance of success should be considered when deciding to attempt line salvage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-328
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Catheter salvage
  • CRBSI
  • Parenteral nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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