Tissue harmonic imaging - Experimental analysis of the mechanism of image improvement

Kazuaki Tanabe, Marek Belohlavek, James F. Greenleaf, James B. Seward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tissue harmonic scanning visually improves echocardiographic image quality. The aim of the present study was to objectively assess the improvement in harmonic image quality under controlled laboratory conditions. A tissue-mimicking phantom that contained 8-mm-diameter cystic lesions at depths ranging from 2 to 12 cm was used. Harmonic scans (1.7 MHz transmit, 3.4 MHz receive) of the phantom were obtained and lesion detectability was compared to that in scans acquired with 2 fundamental frequencies (2.0 and 3.3 MHz). A 2 cm-thick ethanol layer was also used to simulate the nonlinear effect of human fat. Cyst detectability was quantified by measurement of the contrast-to-speckle ratio (CSR). The results indicated no significant difference in the CSR between harmonic and fundamental images obtained without the ethanol layer. With images obtained with the ethanol layer, a relative increase of the CSR during harmonic imaging was observed with respect to fundamental imaging (p<0.05). In conclusion, a fat layer, here simulated by ethanol, plays a significant role in determining the resulting image quality. Without this layer, the contribution of the second harmonic mode was not significant. Thus, in a slim patient, the harmonic mode may not be as beneficial to image improvement as in an obese patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-206
Number of pages5
JournalJapanese Circulation Journal
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Nonlinear propagation
  • Obesity
  • Phantom
  • Tissue harmonic imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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