TIMI myocardial perfusion grade and ST segment resolution: Association with infarct size as assessed by single photon emission computed tomography imaging

Brad G. Angeja, Madhavi Gunda, Sabina A. Murphy, Burton E. Sobel, Amy C. Rundle, Mushabbar Syed, Abdelrahim Asfour, Steven Borzak, Steven G. Gourlay, Hal V. Barron, Raymond J. Gibbons, C. Michael Gibson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background - The TIMI myocardial perfusion grade (TMPG) and ST-segment resolution both reflect perfusion and are associated with mortality after thrombolysis for acute myocardial infarction. We hypothesized that these measures would also be associated with infarct size by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Methods and Results - In the LIMIT AMI trial (Limitation of Myocardial Injury following Thrombolysis in Acute Myocardial Infarction) of lytic monotherapy versus lytic plus rhuMAb CD18, early 90-minute TMPG (n = 221) and ST segment resolution (n=242) were compared with subsequent SPECT Technetium-99 m Sestamibi, measuring the percentage of the left ventricle with no Sestamibi uptake. Infarct sizes were larger with TMPG 0 or 1 (a closed or stained myocardium) than with TMPG 2 or 3 (open myocardium, median 13% versus 7%, P=0.004). Infarcts were also larger in patients with no ST segment resolution (median 15%) or incomplete resolution (11%) than in those with complete resolution (6%, overall P=0.0001). The difference in infarct size by TMPG persisted when stratified by category of ST resolution. Conclusions - There may be a pathophysiological link between early restoration of tissue-level perfusion and reduced subsequent infarct size that may partially explain why these early angiographic and electrocardiographic measures are associated with long-term survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)282-285
Number of pages4
JournalCirculation
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2002

Keywords

  • Angiography
  • Electrocardiography
  • Microcirculation
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Thrombolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Angeja, B. G., Gunda, M., Murphy, S. A., Sobel, B. E., Rundle, A. C., Syed, M., Asfour, A., Borzak, S., Gourlay, S. G., Barron, H. V., Gibbons, R. J., & Gibson, C. M. (2002). TIMI myocardial perfusion grade and ST segment resolution: Association with infarct size as assessed by single photon emission computed tomography imaging. Circulation, 105(3), 282-285. https://doi.org/10.1161/hc0302.103588