Time course of epiphyseal growth plate fusion in rat tibiae

E. A. Martin, E. L. Ritman, R. T. Turner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the rat is the most common animal model used in studying osteoporosis, it is often used inappropriately. Osteoporosis is a disease that most commonly occurs in humans long after growth plate fusion with the associated cessation of longitudinal bone growth, but there has been a question as to when or to what extent the rat growth plate fuses. To investigate this question, we used microcomputed X-ray tomography, at voxel resolutions ranging from (5.7 μm)3 to (11 μm)3, to image the proximal epiphyseal growth plates of both male (n = 19) and female (n = 15) rat tibiae, ranging in age from 2 to 25 months. The three-dimensional images were used to evaluate fusion of the epiphyseal growth plate by quantitating the amount of cancellous bone that has bridged across the growth plate. The results suggest that the time course of fusion of the epiphyseal growth plate follows a sigmoidal pattern, with 10% of the maximum number of bridges having formed by 3.9 months in the male tibiae and 5.8 months in the female tibiae, 50% of the maximum number of bridges having formed by 5.6 months in the male tibiae and 5.9 months in the female tibiae, and 90% of the total maximum of bridges have formed by 7.4 months for the males and 6.5 months for the females. The total volume of bridges per tibia at the age at which the maximum number of bridges per tibia has first formed is 0.99 mm3/tibia for the males and 0.40 mm3/tibia for the females. After the maximum number of bridges (-290 for females, -360 for males) have formed the total volume of bridges per tibia continues to increase for an additional 7.0 months in the males and 17.0 months for the females until they reach maximum values (-1.5 mm3/tibia for the males and -2.2 mm3/tibia for the females).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-267
Number of pages7
JournalBone
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • 3-D microarchitecture
  • Aging
  • Cancellous bone
  • Epiphyseal growth plate
  • Microcomputed tomography
  • Rat tibia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Histology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Time course of epiphyseal growth plate fusion in rat tibiae'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this