Thyroid Cancer in Ecuador, a 16 years population-based analysis (2001-2016)

Jorge Salazar-Vega, Esteban Ortiz-Prado, Paola Solis-Pazmino, Lenin Gómez-Barreno, Katherine Simbaña-Rivera, Aquiles R. Henriquez-Trujillo, Juan P. Brito, Theofilos Toulkeridis, Marco Coral-Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Thyroid cancer is the most frequent endocrine neoplasia worldwide. Information from Andean countries is scarce. In Ecuador there is no reports available of the epidemiology of this type of cancer. The aim of this study is to present the epidemiology and the burden of disease of thyroid cancer. Methods: This is a cross-sectional population-based analysis of thyroid cancer epidemiology in Ecuador from 2001 to 2016. The variables studied were the overall mortality rate, socio-demographics characteristics of the hospitalized patients, geographical trends and the burden of thyroid cancer in Ecuador. All the data was obtained from the official records reported by the Ministry of Public Health's and retrieved from the public databases of the Vital Statistics Deaths and Births Databases and the National Institute of Census and Statistics (INEC). Results: In Ecuador, over a period of 16 years from 2001 to 2016 a total of 23,632 hospital admissions were reported, which caused 1539 deaths due thyroid cancer. Data demonstrated an annual mean of 1477 cases, which caused 96 deaths per year in average. The annual incidence fluctuated from 3 in 2001 to 22 in 2016 per 100,000 inhabitants. Women were 5 times more likely than men to have thyroid cancer. The average length of stay for both sexes were 4 days. The mortality attributable to thyroid cancer represent less than 0.3% of all cancer deaths. Conclusion: Ecuador has one of the highest rates of thyroid cancer in Latin America, ranking first among women in Latin America. Although this cancer is frequent, mortality rate is relatively low. As this is the first national report of thyroid cancer in the country, a further analysis of the pathological variants and the grading of this neoplasia is needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number294
JournalBMC cancer
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2019

Keywords

  • DALY
  • Ecuador
  • Epidemiology
  • Latin America
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • YYL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Salazar-Vega, J., Ortiz-Prado, E., Solis-Pazmino, P., Gómez-Barreno, L., Simbaña-Rivera, K., Henriquez-Trujillo, A. R., Brito, J. P., Toulkeridis, T., & Coral-Almeida, M. (2019). Thyroid Cancer in Ecuador, a 16 years population-based analysis (2001-2016). BMC cancer, 19(1), [294]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5485-8