Thyroid and parathyroid office based ultrasonography - Review article

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Because of superficial location and not being covered by boney structure, thyroid is the ideal organ for 2-dimensional gray scale ultrasonography. Availability of relatively low cost equipment and ever increasing number of endocrinolo-gists with expertise in thyroid ultrasound has made it an integral part of thyroid practice in the office of endocrinolo-gists. In particular, the current recommendation for fine needle biopsy of thyroid nodules is ultrasound guided biopsy. Follow up of thyroid nodules for change in size can also be better documented by ultrasound than palpation. Alt-hough cytology obtained by fine needle biopsy is the gold standard for detection of malignancy, yet ultrasound fea-tures of the nodules direct the clinician to select for biopsy the higher risk nodules in a multinodular gland. For detec-tion of parathyroid adenoma isotopic parathyroid scan is preferable but ultrasound is occasionally is needed for con-firmation, in particular for cases when parathyroid isotopic scan is ambiguous. The present article is an overview of ultrasonography of thyroid and parathyroid intended for endocrinologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Fine needle biopsy
  • Gray scale ultrasonography
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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