Thrombosed arteriovenous malformations (AVM's) in patients with no previous history of hemorrhage are uncommon but benign lesions that present with clinical and radiographic findings which are often indistinguishable from those of other mass lesions, particularly low-grade gliomas. The authors report seven cases of thrombosed AVM's presenting as intractable seizure disorders in which the radiographic studies had suggested a low-grade glioma. All seven patients are now seizure-free 2 to 40 months postoperatively. The importance of surgical exploration in the management of such patients is emphasized. A review of 32 cases reported in the literature is presented. The reasons why angiography may fail to demonstrate an AVM, and the possible etiologies for the spontaneous thrombosis of an AVM are discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology