Three-word recall in normal aging

Melanie J. Chandler, Laura H. Lacritz, Antionette R. Cicerello, Sandra B. Chapman, Lawrence S. Honig, Myron F. Weiner, C. Munro Cullum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-word recall tasks are widely used as brief measures of verbal memory function, although interpretation of performance is complicated by variations in test instructions and procedures. The purpose of this study was to examine 3-word recall performance in samples of healthy subjects aged 52-75 (M age = 70) and age 76-92 (M age = 82) compared to patients with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) when explicit prompts to remember the words were given. Those in the younger aging group remembered significantly more words than those in the older sample after a brief delay (M = 2.8 and 2.3, respectively). However, the majority of control subjects recalled 2 or 3 words after the delay, with only 3% of the 50-75 year old group and 17% of the 76+ year old group recalling 0 or 1 word on delayed recall. This is in stark contrast to the 87% of individuals with AD who recalled 0 or 1 word. Even though 3-word recall performance decreases with age, good recall (2 or 3 words) can be expected in most cases of normal aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1133
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume26
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Alzheimer Disease
Healthy Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Chandler, M. J., Lacritz, L. H., Cicerello, A. R., Chapman, S. B., Honig, L. S., Weiner, M. F., & Cullum, C. M. (2004). Three-word recall in normal aging. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 26(8), 1128-1133. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803390490515540

Three-word recall in normal aging. / Chandler, Melanie J.; Lacritz, Laura H.; Cicerello, Antionette R.; Chapman, Sandra B.; Honig, Lawrence S.; Weiner, Myron F.; Cullum, C. Munro.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 26, No. 8, 11.2004, p. 1128-1133.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chandler, MJ, Lacritz, LH, Cicerello, AR, Chapman, SB, Honig, LS, Weiner, MF & Cullum, CM 2004, 'Three-word recall in normal aging', Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 1128-1133. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803390490515540
Chandler MJ, Lacritz LH, Cicerello AR, Chapman SB, Honig LS, Weiner MF et al. Three-word recall in normal aging. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2004 Nov;26(8):1128-1133. https://doi.org/10.1080/13803390490515540
Chandler, Melanie J. ; Lacritz, Laura H. ; Cicerello, Antionette R. ; Chapman, Sandra B. ; Honig, Lawrence S. ; Weiner, Myron F. ; Cullum, C. Munro. / Three-word recall in normal aging. In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology. 2004 ; Vol. 26, No. 8. pp. 1128-1133.
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