Over the past decades, many approaches have been developed to fabricate biomimetic extracellular matrices of desired properties for engineering functional tissues. However, the inability of these techniques to precisely control the spatial architecture has posed a significant challenge in producing complex tissues. 3D bioprinting technology has emerged as a potential solution by bringing unprecedented freedom and versatility in depositing biological materials and cells in a well-controlled manner in the 3D volumes, therefore achieving precision engineering of functional tissues. In this article, we review the application of 3D bioprinting to tissue engineering. We first discuss the general strategies for printing functional tissue constructs. We next describe different types of bioprinting with a focus on nozzle-based techniques and their respective advantages. Finally, we summarize the limitations of current technologies and propose challenges for future development of bioprinting.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)