Thought control strategies in obsessive-compulsive disorder: A replication and extension

J. S. Abramowitz, S. Whiteside, S. A. Kalsy, D. F. Tolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous research suggests that individuals with OCD use maladaptive strategies to control their unpleasant thoughts (Behav Res Ther (1977) 35, 775). These include worry and self-punishment strategies. In the present study we replicated and extended the previous findings by comparing thought control strategies used by patients with OCD to strategies used by anxious and non-anxious control participants. We also examined changes in thought control strategies for OCD patients who underwent cognitive-behavioral therapy. Compared to controls, OCD patients reported more frequent use of worry and punishment strategies, and less frequent use of distraction. Following successful treatment, OCD patients evidenced increased use of distraction and decreased use of punishment. Findings are discussed in terms of the cognitive model of OCD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)529-540
Number of pages12
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2003

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Cognitive theory
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Thought control strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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