"This lifetime commitment": Public conceptions of disability and noninvasive prenatal genetic screening

Rosemary J. Steinbach, Megan Allyse, Marsha Michie, Emily Y. Liu, Mildred K. Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recently, new noninvasive prenatal genetic screening technologies for Down syndrome and other genetic conditions have become commercially available. Unique characteristics of these screening tests have reignited long-standing concerns about prenatal testing for intellectual and developmental disabilities. We conducted a web-based survey of a sample of the US public to examine how attitudes towards disability inform views of prenatal testing in the context of these rapidly advancing prenatal genetic screening technologies. Regardless of opinion toward disability, the majority of respondents supported both the availability of screening and the decision to continue a pregnancy positive for aneuploidy. Individuals rationalized their support with various conceptions of disability; complications of the expressivist argument and other concerns from the disability literature were manifested in many responses analyzed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-374
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, Part A
Volume170
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Cell-free DNA
  • Disability rights
  • Down syndrome
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • NIPS
  • Noninvasive prenatal screening
  • Prenatal testing
  • Public opinion
  • Trisomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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