Thirty-Day Hospital Readmission After Restorative Proctocolectomy and Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis for Chronic Ulcerative Colitis at a High-Volume Center

Nicholas P. McKenna, Kellie L. Mathis, Mohammad Khasawneh, Omair Shariq, Eric Dozois, David Larson, Amy Lightner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is associated with a high 30-day hospital readmission rate. Risk factors and etiology of readmission remain poorly defined. We sought to determine the 30-day hospital readmission rate following IPAA at a high-volume center and identify any modifiable perioperative factors. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing two- or three-stage IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at our institution between 2002 and 2013 was performed. Analysis was performed on rate of readmission, readmission diagnosis, intervention performed upon readmission, and risk factors for readmission. Results: Thirty-day primary and secondary readmission rates after IPAA were 20.3% (n = 185) and 2.1% (n = 19), respectively. The leading etiologies for readmission included partial small bowel obstruction/ileus (n = 52, 21.9%), pelvic sepsis (n = 43, 18.1%), dehydration (n = 42, 17.7%), and venous thromboembolism (n = 31, 13.1%). While the majority of readmissions were managed medically (n = 119, 65.4%), 19.2% (n = 35) required radiologic intervention and 15.3% (n = 28) required a return to the operating room. On univariate analysis, younger age (p = 0.03) and female sex (p = 0.04) had a significantly increased risk of readmission. On multivariable analysis, BMI ≥ 30 (OR 0.51; 95% CI, 0.25–0.97, p = 0.04) was protective of readmission. Conclusions: Thirty-day hospital readmission following IPAA remains a common problem. Preventable etiologies of readmission include dehydration and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Future quality improvement efforts should focus on education regarding stoma output and extended VTE prophylaxis to decrease hospital readmission rates following IPAA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Aug 24 2017

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Restorative Proctocolectomy
Colonic Pouches
Patient Readmission
Ulcerative Colitis
Venous Thromboembolism
Dehydration
Ileus
Operating Rooms
Quality Improvement
Sepsis
Education

Keywords

  • IPAA
  • Readmission
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Thirty-Day Hospital Readmission After Restorative Proctocolectomy and Ileal Pouch Anal Anastomosis for Chronic Ulcerative Colitis at a High-Volume Center. / McKenna, Nicholas P.; Mathis, Kellie L.; Khasawneh, Mohammad; Shariq, Omair; Dozois, Eric; Larson, David; Lightner, Amy.

In: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery, 24.08.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is associated with a high 30-day hospital readmission rate. Risk factors and etiology of readmission remain poorly defined. We sought to determine the 30-day hospital readmission rate following IPAA at a high-volume center and identify any modifiable perioperative factors. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing two- or three-stage IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at our institution between 2002 and 2013 was performed. Analysis was performed on rate of readmission, readmission diagnosis, intervention performed upon readmission, and risk factors for readmission. Results: Thirty-day primary and secondary readmission rates after IPAA were 20.3{\%} (n = 185) and 2.1{\%} (n = 19), respectively. The leading etiologies for readmission included partial small bowel obstruction/ileus (n = 52, 21.9{\%}), pelvic sepsis (n = 43, 18.1{\%}), dehydration (n = 42, 17.7{\%}), and venous thromboembolism (n = 31, 13.1{\%}). While the majority of readmissions were managed medically (n = 119, 65.4{\%}), 19.2{\%} (n = 35) required radiologic intervention and 15.3{\%} (n = 28) required a return to the operating room. On univariate analysis, younger age (p = 0.03) and female sex (p = 0.04) had a significantly increased risk of readmission. On multivariable analysis, BMI ≥ 30 (OR 0.51; 95{\%} CI, 0.25–0.97, p = 0.04) was protective of readmission. Conclusions: Thirty-day hospital readmission following IPAA remains a common problem. Preventable etiologies of readmission include dehydration and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Future quality improvement efforts should focus on education regarding stoma output and extended VTE prophylaxis to decrease hospital readmission rates following IPAA.",
keywords = "IPAA, Readmission, Ulcerative colitis",
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AB - Background: Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) is associated with a high 30-day hospital readmission rate. Risk factors and etiology of readmission remain poorly defined. We sought to determine the 30-day hospital readmission rate following IPAA at a high-volume center and identify any modifiable perioperative factors. Methods: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing two- or three-stage IPAA for chronic ulcerative colitis at our institution between 2002 and 2013 was performed. Analysis was performed on rate of readmission, readmission diagnosis, intervention performed upon readmission, and risk factors for readmission. Results: Thirty-day primary and secondary readmission rates after IPAA were 20.3% (n = 185) and 2.1% (n = 19), respectively. The leading etiologies for readmission included partial small bowel obstruction/ileus (n = 52, 21.9%), pelvic sepsis (n = 43, 18.1%), dehydration (n = 42, 17.7%), and venous thromboembolism (n = 31, 13.1%). While the majority of readmissions were managed medically (n = 119, 65.4%), 19.2% (n = 35) required radiologic intervention and 15.3% (n = 28) required a return to the operating room. On univariate analysis, younger age (p = 0.03) and female sex (p = 0.04) had a significantly increased risk of readmission. On multivariable analysis, BMI ≥ 30 (OR 0.51; 95% CI, 0.25–0.97, p = 0.04) was protective of readmission. Conclusions: Thirty-day hospital readmission following IPAA remains a common problem. Preventable etiologies of readmission include dehydration and venous thromboembolism (VTE). Future quality improvement efforts should focus on education regarding stoma output and extended VTE prophylaxis to decrease hospital readmission rates following IPAA.

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