Once MHC class I heavy chain binds β2-microglobulin (β2m) within the endoplasmic reticulum, an assembly complex comprising the class I heterodimer, TAP, TAPasin, calreticulin, and possibly Erp57 is formed before the binding of high affinity peptide. TAP-dependent delivery of high affinity peptide to in vitro translated Kbβ2m complexes within microsomes (TAP+/TAPasin+) was studied to determine at which point peptide binding becomes resistant to thermal denaturation. It was determined that the thermal stability of Kb-β2m-peptide complexes depends on the timing of peptide binding to Kbβ2m relative to TAP binding high affinity peptide. Premature exposure of the TAP complex to high affinity peptide before its association with class I heavy chain results in Kbβ2m-peptide-TAP complexes that lose peptide upon exposure to elevated temperature after solubilization away from microsome-associated proteins. These findings suggest that the order in which class I heavy chain associates with endoplasmic reticulum-resident chaperones and peptide determines the stability of Kbβ2m-peptide complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy