The YAP-Interacting Phosphatase SHP2 can regulate transcriptional coactivity and modulate sensitivity to chemotherapy in cholangiocarcinoma

Eee L.N.H. Buckarma, Nathan W. Werneburg, Caitlin B. Conboy, Ayano Kabashima, Daniel R. O'Brien, Chen Wang, Sumera Rizvi, Rory L. Smoot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Hippo pathway effector Yes-associated protein (YAP) is localized to the nucleus and transcriptionally active in a number of tumor types, including a majority of human cholangiocarcinomas. YAP activity has been linked to chemotherapy resistance and has been shown to rescue KRAS and BRAF inhibition in RAS/RAFdriven cancers; however, the underlying mechanisms of YAP-mediated chemoresistance have yet to be elucidated. Herein, we report that the tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 directly regulates the activity of YAP by dephosphorylating pYAPY357 even in the setting of RAS/RAF mutations, and that diminished SHP2 phosphatase activity is associated with chemoresistance in cholangiocarcinomas. A screen for YAP-interacting tyrosine phosphatases identified SHP2, and characterization of cholangiocarcinomas cell lines demonstrated an inverse relationship between SHP2 levels and pYAPY357. Human sequencing data demonstrated lower SHP2 levels in cholangiocarcinomas tumors as compared with normal liver. Cell lines with low SHP2 expression and higher levels of pYAPY357 were resistant to gemcitabine and cisplatin. In cholangiocarcinomas cells with high levels of SHP2, pharmacologic inhibition or genetic deletion of SHP2 increased YAPY357 phosphorylation and expression of YAP target genes, including the antiapoptotic regulator MCL1, imparting resistance to gemcitabine and cisplatin. In vivo evaluation of chemotherapy sensitivity demonstrated significant resistance in xenografts with genetic deletion of SHP2, which could be overcome by utilizing an MCL1 inhibitor. Implications: These findings demonstrate a role for SHP2 in regulating YAP activity and chemosensitivity, and suggest that decreased phosphatase activity may be a mechanism of chemoresistance in cholangiocarcinoma via a MCL1-mediated mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1574-1588
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume18
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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