The X-Factor: Global Impact of Women in the Awareness and Management of Coronary Artery Disease

Divya Gupta, Sharonne N. Hayes, Sandra Lewis, Jennifer H. Mieres, Leslee Shaw, Nanette Wenger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Heart disease is the #1 killer of women and a major contributor to morbidity and disability. This statement cannot be repeated enough and is often neglected. In 2008, there were 9,127,416 cardiovascular deaths in women worldwide, accounting for 33.2 % of all deaths in women. Coronary artery disease (CAD) differs in symptom presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes in women compared to men. We have made great strides in diagnosing and managing cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women. However, this progress continues to be overshadowed by the improvements made on the understanding and management of CVD in men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalCurrent Cardiovascular Risk Reports
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 24 2015



  • CAD
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Coronary artery disease
  • CVD
  • Women in cardiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Pharmacology

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