Purpose: The surface properties of biologic materials are important to their observed physiochemical responses, mechanical interactions, and compatibility with other materials. The purpose of this study was to characterize further the surface properties of canine tendons, specifically how they interface with fluids-that is, their wettability. Methods: Drop-shape analysis was used to study contact angles on intrasynovial and extrasynovial tendon surfaces. This standard goniometric method was used to estimate tendon-wettability properties. Results: This study showed that extrasynovial tendon portions (particularly the dorsal sides) are more wettable than intrasynovial tendons. We also showed that trypsin digestion of tendon surfaces increases their wettability. Conclusions: The wettability differences between intrasynovial and extrasynovial canine tendons may help to explain known differences in the propensities of these 2 different tendon types to form adhesions after surgery.
- contact angle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine