The utility of positron emission tomography in the evaluation of autoimmune hearing loss

Mehrdad Mazlumzadeh, Val J. Lowe, Brian P. Mullan, David A. Fabry, Thomas J. McDonald, Eric L. Matteson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate positron emission tomography as an imaging tool in the diagnosis, evaluation, and management of autoimmune inner ear disease. Background: Autoimmune inner ear disease is a form of cochleovestibular disease associated with variable hearing loss and vertigo for which no reliable diagnostic tests are available. Methods: Pilot study of 10 patients with autoimmune inner ear disease and 5 sex-matched and age-matched control subjects without any history of autoimmune inner ear disease, who underwent limited positron emission tomography of the inner ear. Five patients with new or active autoimmune inner ear disease underwent serial positron emission tomography before and after 4 to 6 weeks of a high-dose tapering course of prednisone. The subjects had cranial magnetic resonance imagining, audiometric and vestibular studies, and heat-shock protein (HSP-70) measurements. Reading of the positron emission tomography scans was blinded. Results: Positron emission tomography was normal in 4 of 5 normal control subjects and abnormal in 1 with normal audiometric and vestibular studies and positive HSP-70. Of patients with established and stable autoimmune inner ear disease, 4 of 5 had no positron emission tomography abnormalities and negative HSP-70, and the one with abnormal positron emission tomography shortly thereafter manifested clinically active disease. Of the 5 patients with active autoimmune inner ear disease monitored serially, 4 had an initial abnormal positron emission tomography in at least one ear, which became normal in all but 1 patient after therapy. HSP-70 correlated with disease activity. Only 1 patient with clinically active autoimmune inner ear disease had a normal positron emission tomography before and after therapy (the HSP-70 was positive before therapy and negative after the therapy). Conclusions: Positron emission tomography, especially when combined with HSP-70 determination, may be a useful technique for assessing disease in patients with autoimmune inner ear disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-204
Number of pages4
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

Keywords

  • Autoimmune inner ear disease
  • Hearing loss
  • Positron emission tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Clinical Neurology

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