The usefulness of submaximal exercise gas exchange in pulmonary arterial hypertension: A case series

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4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Submaximal exercise gas exchange may be a useful tool to track responses to therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) patients. Methods: Three patients diagnosed with idiopathic PAH, on differing therapies, were included. Standard clinical tests (echocardiography; 6 minute walk) were performed pre and 3-5 months after treatment. Gas exchange was measured during 3 minutes of step exercise at both time points. Results: Gas exchange variables, end tidal CO2 (PET>>CO2) and the ratio of ventilation to CO2 production (VE/VCO2), during submaximal exercise were able to track patient responses to therapy over a 3-5 month period. Two patients demonstrated positive improvements, with an increased PETCO2 and decreased VE/VCO2 during light exercise, in response to an altered therapeutic regime. The third patient had a worsening of gas exchange (decreased PETCO2 and increased VE/VCO2) following no changes in the medical regime from the baseline visit. Conclusion: Gas exchange variables measured during light submaximal exercise, such as PETCO2 and VE/VCO2, may be able to better detect small changes in functional status following treatment and could, therefore, be a useful tool to track disease severity in PAH patients. Further study is required to determine the clinical usefulness of these gas exchange variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Medicine Insights: Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Gas exchange
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Submaximal exercise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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