The use of embolic protection device in lower extremity catheter-directed thrombolysis

Z. Irani, Rahmi Oklu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) are at increased risk for acute limb ischemia(ALI) predominantly arising from thromboembolic disease in atherosclerotic plaques,bypass grafts (60%) or emboli from a proximal source (30%) [1,2]. Endovascular and opensurgical approaches are available for managing acute thrombotic events in ALI. Minimallyinvasive intra-arterial catheter-directed thrombolysis in selected patients demonstratessimilar success rates to those of surgery [3]. However, pharmacologic thrombolysis in gen-eral carries a risk of embolization of micro-debris to distal sites. Overall, the risk of distalembolization in endovascular procedures of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) is around10% [4]. The use of embolic protection devices (EPD) results in up to 70% reduction inmicroembolic events in carotid artery interventions [5]. By contrast, catheter-directedthrombolysis with concomitant use of EPDs has not been previously reported in lowerextremity arteries.We present four patients with ALI in whom EPD was used during intra-arterial throm-bolytic infusion leading to reduced lytic time and pain while preserving distal runoffvessels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-275
Number of pages3
JournalDiagnostic and interventional imaging
Volume97
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Embolic protectiondevice
  • Stent
  • Thrombolysis
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Medicine(all)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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