The TWEAK receptor Fn14 is an Src-inducible protein and a positive regulator of Src-driven cell invasion

Emily Cheng, Timothy G. Whitsett, Nhan L. Tran, Jeffrey A. Winkles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The TNF receptor superfamily member Fn14 (TNFRSF12A) is the sole signaling receptor for the proinflammatory cytokine TWEAK (TNFSF12). TWEAK:Fn14 engagement stimulates multiple signal transduction pathways, including the NF-kB pathway, and this triggers important cellular processes (e.g., growth, differentiation, migration, and invasion). The TWEAK-Fn14 axis is thought to be a major physiologic mediator of tissue repair after acute injury. Various studies have revealed that Fn14 is highly expressed in many solid tumor types, and that Fn14 signaling may play a role in tumor growth and metastasis. Previously, it was shown that Fn14 levels are frequently elevated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors and cell lines that exhibit constitutive EGFR phosphorylation (activation). Furthermore, elevated Fn14 levels increased NSCLC cell invasion in vitro and lung metastatic tumor colonization in vivo. The present study reveals that EGFR-mutant NSCLC cells that express high levels of Fn14 exhibit constitutive activation of the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase Src, and that treatment with the Src family kinase (SFK) inhibitor dasatinib decreases Fn14 gene expression at both the mRNA and protein levels. Importantly, siRNA-mediated depletion of the SFK member Src in NSCLC cells also decreases Fn14 expression. Finally, expression of the constitutively active v-Src oncoprotein in NIH 3T3 cells induces Fn14 gene expression, and NIH 3T3/v-Src cells require Fn14 expression for full invasive capacity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-583
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The TWEAK receptor Fn14 is an Src-inducible protein and a positive regulator of Src-driven cell invasion'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this