Introduction: Human sulfatase 1 (SULF1) was recently identified and shown to desulfate cellular heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). Since sulfated HSPGs serve as co-receptors for many growth factors and cytokines, SULF1 was predicted to modulate growth factor and cytokine signaling. Discussion: The role of SULF1 in growth factor signaling and its effects on human tumorigenesis are under active investigation. Initial results show that SULF1 inhibits the co-receptor function of HSPGs in multiple receptor tyrosine kinase signaling pathways, particularly by the heparin binding growth factors-fibroblast growth factor 2, vascular endothelial growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor, PDGF, and heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (HB-EGF). SULF1 is downregulated in the majority of cancer cell lines examined, and forced expression of SULF1 decreases cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. SULF1 also promotes drug-induced apoptosis of cancer cells in vitro and inhibits tumorigenesis and angiogenesis in vivo. Conclusion: Strategies targeting SULF1 or the interaction between SULF1 and the related sulfatase 2 will potentially be important in developing novel cancer therapies.
- Tumor suppressor
ASJC Scopus subject areas