The synergistic effects of cyclosporine and endothelin - Demonstration of an important cardiodepressor action

Brooks Sayre Edwards, M. A. Lloyd, L. M. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclosporine represents the foundation for current immunosuppressive therapy following solid organ transplantation. CsA use is associated with renal insufficiency and systemic hypertension. We hypothesized that CsA would enhance the vascular actions of endothelin (ET). Three groups of anesthesized dogs (n=15) were studied. Group 1 received CsA alone (1 mg/kg), group 2 received ET alone (1 ng/kg/min), and group 3 received combined CsA (1 mg/kg) and ET (1 ng/kg/min). The hemodynamic and renal effects were evaluated after 30 min. Combined treatment resulted in a profound reduction in mean arterial pressure (-62±14 mmHg (P<.05) and cardiac output (-2.2±0.4 · l/min (P<.05). The reduction in mean arterial pressure and cardiac output were significantly greater than that observed with CsA or ET alone. Systemic vascular resistance was not significantly changed. Combined CsA and ET resulted in a significant reduction in renal blood flow (195±18 to 101±11 ml/mm P<.05) but without evidence of active renal vasoconstriction. The decline in GFR (31.8±5.6 ml/min to being unmeasurable) was of greater magnitude than the change in renal blood flow, suggesting enhanced afferent anteriolar vasoconstriction or an alteration in the ultrafiltration coefficient. These studies demonstrate an important and synergistic cardiodepressor effect when CsA and ET are combined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-11
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation
Volume55
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

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