The stomatin/prohibitin/flotillin/HflK/C domain of flotillin-1 contains distinct sequences that direct plasma membrane localization and protein interactions in 3T3-L1 adipocytes

Jun Liu, Stephanie M. DeYoung, Mei Zhang, Lisa H. Dold, Alan R. Saltiel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flotillin-1 is a lipid raft-associated protein that has been implicated in various cellular processes. We examined the subcellular distribution of flotillin-1 in different cell types and found that localization is cell type-specific. Flotillin-1 relocates from a cytoplasmic compartment to the plasma membrane upon the differentiation of 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To delineate the structural determinants necessary for its localization, we generated a series of truncation mutants of flotillin-1. Wild type flotillin-1 has two putative hydrophobic domains and is localized to lipid raft microdomains at the plasma membrane. Flotillin-1 fragments lacking the N-terminal hydrophobic stretch are excluded from the lipid raft compartments but remain at the plasma membrane. On the other hand, mutants with the second hydrophobic region deleted fail to traffic to the plasma membrane but are instead found in intracellular granule-like structures. Flotillin-1 specifically interacts with the adaptor protein CAP, the Src family kinase Fyn, and cortical F-actin in lipid raft microdomains in adipocytes. Furthermore, CAP and Fyn associate with different regions in the N-terminal sequences of flotillin-1. These results furthered our understanding for how flotillin-1 can function as a molecular link between lipid rafts of the plasma membrane and a multimeric signaling complex at the actin cytoskeleton.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16125-16134
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 22 2005

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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