Background: Contrast enhanced echocardiography (CEE) is utilised when sub-optimal image quality results in non-diagnostic echocardiograms. However, there have been numerous safety notices issued by regulatory authorities regarding rare but potentially serious adverse reactions (AR). This multi-centre, retrospective analysis was performed to assess the short-term safety of CEE in a broad range of indications. Methods: All CEE performed over 58 months at three institutions were assessed for AR within 30. min. Results: A total of 5956 CEE were performed in 5576 patients. A total of 4903 were stress CEE and 1053 resting CCE. Bolus administration in 5719, infusion in 237 cases; 89.9% of CCE were outpatients. Commonest CEE indication was functional stress testing (82.3%). There were 16 AR related to CEE (0.27%). All AR were mild, transient and all patients made a full recovery. No cases of serious anaphylaxis or death within 30. min of contrast administration. Comparing those with and without an AR, there were no significant differences in age, gender, BMI, LVEF, patient location, exam type or RVSP. There was a slightly increased likelihood of an AR during infusion versus bolus dosing (p= 0.02). Conclusion: CEE is a safe investigation in a broad range of indications and clinical scenarios. AR are very rare, mild and transient.
- Contrast echocardiography
- Dobutamine stress echocardiography
- Exercise stress echocardiography
- Left ventricular opacification
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine