The Roles of Diet and Exercise in the Management of Patients With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus

MICHAEL D. JENSEN, JOHN M. MILES

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current dietary recommendations for patients with diabetes are similar to those for the US population in general, including a moderate intake of sucrose. Awareness of the carbohydrate content of meals will allow adjustments of the dose of meal-related short-acting insulin when the size of the meal is altered; thus, meal planning can be flexible without sacrificing glycemic control. Although exercise may have potential benefits for patients with diabetes, it is also associated with greater risk in these persons than in their nondiabetic counterparts and frequently complicates the management of their disease. If there are no contraindications to regular, vigorous exercise and the patient desires to participate, careful self-monitoring of blood glucose, combined with snacks and insulin dose adjustment, should enable the intensively treated patient to exercise safely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-819
Number of pages7
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume61
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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