The Role of Thromboelastography in Pediatric Patients with Sinusoidal Obstructive Syndrome Receiving Defibrotide

Joanna L. Gendreau, Christine Knoll, Roberta H. Adams, Leon L. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sinusoidal obstructive syndrome (SOS) is a potentially fatal form of hepatic injury after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients can develop liver dysfunction, portal hypertension, ascites, coagulopathies, and multisystem organ failure. The mortality rate of severe SOS has been reported as high as 98% by day 100 after transplantation. Defibrotide, which is now approved for the treatment of SOS, has significantly decreased mortality. Defibrotide is a polynucleotide with profibrinolytic, anti-ischemic, and anti-inflammatory activity. These properties can increase the risk of life-threatening bleeding in this patient population. Previous protocols have suggested maintaining international normalized ratio ≤ 1.5, platelets > 30 k/uL, and fibrinogen ≥ 150 mg/dL to minimize this risk of bleeding. However, this can be challenging in fluid-sensitive patients with SOS. Thromboelastography (TEG) is a functional assay that evaluates the balance of procoagulant and anticoagulant proteins. In this series, TEG was used to guide defibrotide therapy as well as blood product transfusions in SOS patients with abnormal coagulation studies. Each patient recovered from SOS and had no bleeding complications. A randomized clinical trial is the next step in supporting the use of TEG in SOS patients with abnormal coagulation studies receiving defibrotide therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)707-712
Number of pages6
JournalBiology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Defibrotide
  • Pediatrics
  • Sinusoidal obstructive syndrome
  • Thromboelastography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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