The role of salvage lymph node dissection in nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: A single center experience

Luca Boeri, Vidit Sharma, Avinash Nehra, Eugene Kwon, R. Jeffrey Karnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate oncologic outcomes of patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) or androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for lymph nodes (LN)-only recurrence. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 23 (51.1%) patients who underwent sLND and 22 (48.9%) men who received ADT for LN-only recurrence. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >0.2 ng/ml with an increased trend and radiological recurrence (RAR) was defined as a positive imaging study after sLND or ADT. Second line systemic therapies (SST) were defined as any systemic therapy administered for progression. Predictors of BCR, RAR, and SST were assessed with Cox regression analyses. Results: Mean PSA reduction was significantly higher after sLND than ADT (62.8% vs. 17.7%; P = 0.04). Clinical outcomes were not statistically different between the 2 groups. However, there was a trend toward a longer time to BCR (13.3 vs. 6 months; P = 0.2) and RAR (21.1 vs. 14.2 months, P = 0.09) in sLND patients than ADT. Median time to SST was longer in the sLND group than ADT (P = 0.04). Univariable Cox regression analyses showed that PSA doubling time and pT stage were associated with RAR and SST (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, sLND resulted in greater PSA decrease than ADT. We noted a nonstatistically significant trend toward longer time to BCR and longer time to RAR for patients treated with sLND than ADT. Additionally, sLND may increase time to SST as compared to ADT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Castration
Lymph Node Excision
Prostatic Neoplasms
Androgens
Recurrence
Prostate-Specific Antigen
Therapeutics
Lymph Nodes
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Androgen-deprivation therapy
  • Castration-resistant prostate cancer
  • Lymph nodes
  • Salvage lymph node dissection
  • Survival outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{b58445a19143466185c2f4978b0b2231,
title = "The role of salvage lymph node dissection in nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer: A single center experience",
abstract = "Objective: To evaluate oncologic outcomes of patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) or androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for lymph nodes (LN)-only recurrence. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 23 (51.1{\%}) patients who underwent sLND and 22 (48.9{\%}) men who received ADT for LN-only recurrence. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >0.2 ng/ml with an increased trend and radiological recurrence (RAR) was defined as a positive imaging study after sLND or ADT. Second line systemic therapies (SST) were defined as any systemic therapy administered for progression. Predictors of BCR, RAR, and SST were assessed with Cox regression analyses. Results: Mean PSA reduction was significantly higher after sLND than ADT (62.8{\%} vs. 17.7{\%}; P = 0.04). Clinical outcomes were not statistically different between the 2 groups. However, there was a trend toward a longer time to BCR (13.3 vs. 6 months; P = 0.2) and RAR (21.1 vs. 14.2 months, P = 0.09) in sLND patients than ADT. Median time to SST was longer in the sLND group than ADT (P = 0.04). Univariable Cox regression analyses showed that PSA doubling time and pT stage were associated with RAR and SST (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, sLND resulted in greater PSA decrease than ADT. We noted a nonstatistically significant trend toward longer time to BCR and longer time to RAR for patients treated with sLND than ADT. Additionally, sLND may increase time to SST as compared to ADT.",
keywords = "Androgen-deprivation therapy, Castration-resistant prostate cancer, Lymph nodes, Salvage lymph node dissection, Survival outcomes",
author = "Luca Boeri and Vidit Sharma and Avinash Nehra and Eugene Kwon and Karnes, {R. Jeffrey}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.urolonc.2019.09.016",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Urologic Oncology",
issn = "1078-1439",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of salvage lymph node dissection in nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

T2 - A single center experience

AU - Boeri, Luca

AU - Sharma, Vidit

AU - Nehra, Avinash

AU - Kwon, Eugene

AU - Karnes, R. Jeffrey

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: To evaluate oncologic outcomes of patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) or androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for lymph nodes (LN)-only recurrence. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 23 (51.1%) patients who underwent sLND and 22 (48.9%) men who received ADT for LN-only recurrence. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >0.2 ng/ml with an increased trend and radiological recurrence (RAR) was defined as a positive imaging study after sLND or ADT. Second line systemic therapies (SST) were defined as any systemic therapy administered for progression. Predictors of BCR, RAR, and SST were assessed with Cox regression analyses. Results: Mean PSA reduction was significantly higher after sLND than ADT (62.8% vs. 17.7%; P = 0.04). Clinical outcomes were not statistically different between the 2 groups. However, there was a trend toward a longer time to BCR (13.3 vs. 6 months; P = 0.2) and RAR (21.1 vs. 14.2 months, P = 0.09) in sLND patients than ADT. Median time to SST was longer in the sLND group than ADT (P = 0.04). Univariable Cox regression analyses showed that PSA doubling time and pT stage were associated with RAR and SST (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, sLND resulted in greater PSA decrease than ADT. We noted a nonstatistically significant trend toward longer time to BCR and longer time to RAR for patients treated with sLND than ADT. Additionally, sLND may increase time to SST as compared to ADT.

AB - Objective: To evaluate oncologic outcomes of patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) or androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for lymph nodes (LN)-only recurrence. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of 23 (51.1%) patients who underwent sLND and 22 (48.9%) men who received ADT for LN-only recurrence. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) >0.2 ng/ml with an increased trend and radiological recurrence (RAR) was defined as a positive imaging study after sLND or ADT. Second line systemic therapies (SST) were defined as any systemic therapy administered for progression. Predictors of BCR, RAR, and SST were assessed with Cox regression analyses. Results: Mean PSA reduction was significantly higher after sLND than ADT (62.8% vs. 17.7%; P = 0.04). Clinical outcomes were not statistically different between the 2 groups. However, there was a trend toward a longer time to BCR (13.3 vs. 6 months; P = 0.2) and RAR (21.1 vs. 14.2 months, P = 0.09) in sLND patients than ADT. Median time to SST was longer in the sLND group than ADT (P = 0.04). Univariable Cox regression analyses showed that PSA doubling time and pT stage were associated with RAR and SST (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: In patients with nonmetastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer, sLND resulted in greater PSA decrease than ADT. We noted a nonstatistically significant trend toward longer time to BCR and longer time to RAR for patients treated with sLND than ADT. Additionally, sLND may increase time to SST as compared to ADT.

KW - Androgen-deprivation therapy

KW - Castration-resistant prostate cancer

KW - Lymph nodes

KW - Salvage lymph node dissection

KW - Survival outcomes

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