The role of gastrointestinal hormones in the control of postprandial and interdigestive gastrointestinal function

V. L.W. Go, L. J. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastric, pancreatic, biliary, and intestinal functions during interdigestive and postprandial periods can now be quantified and correlated with changes in gastrointestinal hormone concentrations. Through this type of study, we can begin to glimpse the physiological roles of gastrointestinal hormones. The segments of the gastrointestinal tract which regulate each digestive function can be determined by experimental manipulation in which postprandial chyme is diverted from or exposed to particular areas of the bowel through the use of occlusive balloons. These studies suggest that the upper gut is capable of regulating biliary and pancreatic function, while the stomach and the entire small bowel affect stomach function. In addition, gastric secretion is regulated more proximally than gastric emptying. Knowledge of the hormones present in different segments of the bowel permits hypotheses of their physiological regulatory functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-142
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, Supplement
Volume18
Issue number82
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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